Since 2022, the Armed Forces of Ukraine have been able to capture several T-90M Proryv tanks. Naturally, experts did not miss the opportunity to study the most advanced tank of the Russian army.
What is known
The Center for Research on Captured and Advanced Weapons and Military Equipment states that the T-90M Proryv, which was put into service in 2020, turned out to be identical to the Russian T-72B tank. It is equipped with a V-92S2F engine with a capacity of 1130 horsepower, which is an improved version of the V-2 power plant of the 1937 model for the Soviet T-34 tank of the Second World War. At the same time, experts note that engine power in the Ukrainian steppes drops by almost a third.
Analysis of the T-90M “Breakthrough” confirms that the ammunition is located separately from the automatic loader mechanism. This was done in order to ensure the protection of the crew. At the same time, Ukrainian researchers note that the mechanism itself migrated from the T-72 and has not changed in any way. Moreover, to get ammunition, you have to leave the tank.
The speaker of the Center for Research on Captured and Advanced Weapons and Military Equipment said that the Armed Forces of Ukraine were able to dispel the myth of the invincibility of the $5 million T-90M Proryv with the help of Carl Gustav. It was the $20,000 Swedish grenade launcher that destroyed the first Russian advanced tank last spring. In total, at least 15 units were destroyed.
The T-90M, which ended up with Ukrainian specialists, did not have the advertised active protection. With what it is connected, it is difficult to say. But the dynamic protection “Relic” is an analogue of the Soviet complex “Contact”. The change compared to the T-72B was the appearance of additional armor. This increases protection, but negatively affects the performance of the combat vehicle.
Breakthrough uses foreign electronics, but it is difficult to accurately identify due to the lack of markings. In some cases, Russia is trying to pass off foreign components as their own development. For example, it turned out that the advertised fire control system “Kalina” from the Russian one has only a marking. By the way, it is used in the more modern Armata tank, which has not yet been put into service.
In addition, the Western sanctions that were imposed on Russia played a role. Due to the inability to replace imported components, the Russians had to equip the T-90M Proryv with consumer electronics and reduce production. For example, the last batch was only 10 tanks.
Source: Military Television of Ukraine