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Fix I / O device error for external hard drive on Windows computer

Fix I / O device error for external hard drive on Windows computer


If you get I / O Device error when using external hard drive on Windows 11/10 computer, this post will help you solve the problem. The error can occur for many reasons, including disk problems, hardware connectivity, and even driver issues.

Fix I / O device error for external hard drive

You will need a solid understanding of how to test hardware and run system tools on a Windows 11/10 PC or laptop. Follow these tips:

  1. Restart your computer and try
  2. Try an alternate USB port
  3. Check drive wiring
  4. Rank CHKDSK
  5. Update or reinstall the device driver

Be sure to use an administrator account to fix this issue.

1]Restart your computer and try

Restart your computer and try again and see if it works for you.

2]Try using an alternate USB port.

Try using an alternate USB port and see if that helps.

3]Check the connection of the drive

Although the internal drives are connected correctly, external devices sometimes encounter connection problems. It could be a USB port, or if you are connecting via IDE wires, the connection may be unreliable. The hard drive will not work properly if the cable is not properly connected.

To fix the problem, you can reconnect the wires or try another one. If it is a PC, be sure to turn off the power before attempting this. If you are trying to use an external hard drive, make sure the wires are connected in the correct orientation. If you are using a laptop, make sure a professional is trying to do it.


It is a command line utility that can check the file system and file system metadata of a volume for logical and physical errors. It needs to be used with / f, / r, / x, or / bs to fix errors on the volume.

  • / b: It only works with NTFS and cleans up the list of bad clusters on the volume and re-scans all allocated and free clusters for errors.
  • / r: Look for physical disk errors in the file system and try to recover data from any affected disk sectors.
  • / f: It can identify open files on disk that have not been written to the FAT table.
  • / x: Forces the volume to be unmounted so that the disk can be verified correctly.

Open a Windows terminal or Command Prompt as an administrator and run CHKDSK with one of these options to repair the disk.

5]Update or reinstall the device driver

If everything else works as expected, you can try again to update your drivers. This can be achieved in several ways:

Install additional driver Windows Update

  • Windows Update: Select Settings> Windows Update> Advanced Options> Optional Updates. Check if there is a driver update associated with the repository. If so, install it.
  • OEM Website: Most OEMs offer software or offer a dedicated download page on their websites. You can run the installer and the hard disk driver will be updated or installed.
  • Third-party software: There are many third-party driver updater programs that can help you find and install a driver. They can find the latest driver update that makes it easy to install.

If none of these methods work, then the problem is with the external drive and you can replace it. I hope this post is helpful in giving you a clear idea of ​​how you can fix the problem and, if not, help you figure out the problem with your external drive.

What is an I / O device?

IO or I / O is a hardware device that is used to communicate with a computer. An I / O device can be anything, including a keyboard, mouse, monitor, etc.

How to initialize hard drive with I / O error?

You can do this, but it would be better to figure out any hardware or software issue related to this. After you finish checking with the CHKDSK tool, you can use the disk management tool to initialize the disk.

Open the disk management tool and then find the hard drive that is not initialized. It is usually black or gray in color. Right-click it and choose Initialize Disk. Inform that you can create partitions.

What should I do if Disk won’t initialize on Windows?

First, make sure the drive is online. Right-click the disk that is offline, and then select the Activate Disk option from the menu. If the drive remains disconnected, you can check the cables again to make sure they are working properly.

External hard drive I / O device error


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