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Runet 2.0: Internet by passport

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Runet 2.0: Internet by passport

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Before the end of the year, a pilot project of the secure Internet will be launched in Russia, which will be available only with a personal identifier.

Before the end of the year, Russia will launch a pilot project for a secure Internet called Runet 2.0. It will be a special network where only secure, proven services will be available, the owners of which comply with all the requirements of the current legislation. About it told Andrey Svintsov, Deputy Chairman of the State Duma Committee on Information Policy, Information Technologies and Communications.

According to Svintsov, it is necessary to “change the technology of the Internet” so that the network becomes “absolutely transparent”, that is, it could not be accessed from various “anonymous devices”.

To access this network, you will need to obtain a personal identifier when registering with a passport. Further, from anywhere in the world it will be possible to enter the “secure part of the Internet”. Thanks to this, the special services will be able to easily “find the one who owns this account,” the deputy said.

Svintsov claims that the main goal of such a project is to ensure the safety of citizens, the safety of their personal data, protection from spam, fraud and phishing.

He also noted that now the project is being discussed with the professional community – telecom operators, manufacturers of Russian chips and hardware, and developers of cybersecurity software.

“The main thing is that these technologies are safe and do not contain tabs that will allow our opponents to open the protected part of the Internet through their tools in software or hardware at the production stage. Therefore, the degree and speed of implementation of the technology will not be fast, since the volume of hardware production in Russia is small,” Svintsov said.

However, the deputy assures that “the technology is clear”, and the developers “have a patent for it.” He did not disclose the details of the technical solution, but said that “a pilot test is planned before the end of the year.”

At the same time, the unsecured Internet will also remain available to users, but they will be responsible for their data and security on their own.

The creation of a national Internet causes different opinions among experts in the field of telecommunications. Some believe that this can help promote domestic services and improve the quality of communication services. Others believe that this will have negative consequences for the development of the IT industry.

One of the experts recalls that Russia has already created a “sovereign Internet” infrastructure that allows Roskomnadzor to independently block content and manage traffic routes. To do this, special technical threat countermeasures (TSPU) have been installed on the network of telecom operators, which allow blocking any sites bypassing telecom operators. He notes that all international communication channels should be under the control of Roskomnadzor, and the Kaliningrad region, which has long consumed Internet traffic from abroad, should have an underwater communication channel with the main territory of Russia.

“A census of foreign channels of Internet providers was also carried out. All this together gives the Russian authorities the opportunity to disconnect Russia from the global Internet. From the point of view of technology development, the IT industry, this will be a disaster. But from the point of view of political expediency and the trend towards deglobalization set by Russia, this may make sense. But everything will depend on the geopolitical situation and Russia’s relations with the West,” he says.

Another expert expresses doubts about how it will be possible to implement Svintsov’s proposal and register citizens online with a passport. “In Russia, 80 million people actively use the Internet. It is not clear how all these people will present their passports, given that not everyone is registered with Gosuslugi, he says. – If there is registration by phone number, then you need to remember that in Russia, according to our research, there are 7 million gray SIM cards. If today or tomorrow they can be bought, conditionally, at the Belorussky railway station, then what is the point in creating a network of this kind?

He also notes that in order to protect citizens from dangerous content, the Russian Federation already has all the necessary solutions, you just need to use them correctly.

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