Home SECURITY ticket to heaven or hell? How Silicon Valley is preparing for the moment when machines become smarter than people

ticket to heaven or hell? How Silicon Valley is preparing for the moment when machines become smarter than people

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ticket to heaven or hell?  How Silicon Valley is preparing for the moment when machines become smarter than people

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AI: ticket to heaven or hell? How Silicon Valley is preparing for the moment when machines become smarter than people

How can we maintain our uniqueness and values ​​in a world where everything can be replaced by algorithms?

Artificial intelligence (AI) is causing a stir in the tech world. Some claim that it will bring abundance and prosperity, others that it will destroy humanity. At the center of this debate is the idea of ​​the Singularity – the moment when AI will surpass the human mind and become uncontrollable.

Singularity can happen in different ways. One of the options is when people enhance their intelligence with computer power, becoming superhumans. The other is when computers become so complex that they can actually think, creating a global brain. In any case, the consequences will be radical, exponential and irreversible. The self-aware superhuman machine will be able to develop its own enhancements faster than any group of scientists, causing an explosion of intelligence. Centuries of progress can happen in years or even months. The Singularity is a slingshot into the future.

AI is Silicon Valley’s top new product: on-demand transcendence. But there is also a dark side. It’s like tech companies introducing self-driving cars with the caveat that they can explode before you get to Walmart.

Sandar Pichai, the usually reserved CEO of Google, calls artificial intelligence “greater than fire or electricity or anything we’ve done in the past.” Reid Hoffman, billionaire investor, says: “The opportunity to make positive change in the world is going to get the biggest boost it’s ever had.” And Microsoft co-founder Bill Gates says: “AI will change the way people work, study, travel, receive medical care and communicate with each other.”

The biggest proponent of AI in the tech community is Sam Altman, CEO of OpenAI, the startup that sparked the current buzz with its ChatGPT chatbot. He says that AI will be “the biggest force for economic empowerment and wealth-rich people that we have ever seen.” But he also says that Elon Musk, an AI critic who also founded a brain-computer interface company, might be right. Mr. Altman signed an open letter last month published by the AI ​​Security Center, a non-profit organization, saying that “mitigating the risk of AI extinction should be a global priority” that is on par with “pandemics and nuclear war.”

The apocalypse is a familiar, even beloved, theme for Silicon Valley. A few years ago, every technology director had a fully stocked apocalyptic bunker in New Zealand. Now they are preparing for the Singularity.

The intellectual roots of the Singularity go back to John von Neumann , one of the pioneers of computer science, who spoke in the 1950s about how “the ever-accelerating progress of technology” would lead to “a significant singularity in the history of mankind.” In recent years, the most vocal supporter of the Singularity has been the entrepreneur and inventor Ray Kurzweil . He predicts that by the end of the decade, computers will pass the Turing test and become indistinguishable from humans, and fifteen years after that, true superiority will come: the moment when “computing becomes part of ourselves, and we increase our intelligence a million times.”

The innovation that fuels today’s discussion of the Singularity is large language models, a type of AI system that drives chatbots. “If it’s not the ‘Singularity’, then it’s definitely the Singularity: a transformative technological move that’s going to accelerate a lot in art, science and human knowledge – and create some problems,” says Jerry Kaplan, longtime AI entrepreneur and author of the book ” Artificial intelligence: what everyone needs to know.

According to one metric, AI is already approaching the Singularity. Translated has developed the Time to Edit (TTE) metric, which calculates the time it takes for professional editors to correct AI or human translations. According to the company, the quality of AI translations has improved significantly over the past 8 years and could reach the level of human translation by the end of the decade or even sooner.

Language is one of the most challenging tasks for AI, but a computer that can handle it could theoretically show signs of artificial general intelligence (AGI). “That’s because language is the most natural thing for humans,” Translated CEO Marco Trombetti said at a conference in Orlando in December.

For some critics, The Singularity is an intellectually dubious attempt to replicate the belief system of organized religion in the realm of software.

So far, the Singularity remains a hypothetical phenomenon, but some scientists and philosophers believe that it may occur in this century. Others believe that it is fantasy or utopia.

In any case, AI is already changing our world in many areas, from work and education to healthcare and communications. The question is whether we will be able to control this process or become its victims.

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