Home SECURITY Jonathan James is a teenager who hacked into NASA for fun

Jonathan James is a teenager who hacked into NASA for fun

Jonathan James is a teenager who hacked into NASA for fun


Jonathan James is a teenager who hacked into NASA for fun

In 1999, a young but talented hacker from the United States performed one of the most daring and dangerous hacks in the history of cybercrime. His name was Jonathan James. He was only 15 years old, and his target was the Pentagon and NASA. How did he do it, what did he get as a result, and how did everything turn out for him and for the world of information security?

Early life and early career as a hacker

Jonathan James was born on December 12, 1983 in the small village of Pinecrest, which is located in Miami-Dade County, Florida. His father was a programmer and his mother was a housewife. At the age of six, the boy regularly played video games on his father’s computer, and his passion for technology began to emerge. The parents quickly realized that their son was spending too much time in front of the screen and tried to impose restrictions that Jonathan later learned to bypass with his hacking skills from a very young age. His interests gradually changed: from games to learning the C language. Curiosity about computers came as a surprise to Jonathan’s father. One day he came home and found that his PC had been converted from Windows OS to Linux OS. Jonathan installed Linux on his father’s computer out of curiosity to understand how an unfamiliar operating system works.

In his teenage years, he became obsessed with technology and spent most of his free time playing games and programming, day and night. At 13, his parents had to take stricter measures: Jonathan’s computer was taken away. The guy ran away from home and did not want to return until his parents returned the computer to him, insisting that programming and video games did not affect his grades (he did receive high scores). It was later revealed that Jonathan had hacked into the Miami-Dade County educational network and corrected the grades in the reports himself. Around the same time, Jonathan came up with his own hacker alias “c0mrade”. He constantly interacted with other hackers online and continued to hone his skills.

Hacking the Pentagon

At the age of 15, James had had his fill of hacking educational institutions and set himself more serious hacking tasks. From June 23 to October 27, 1999, he made a series of intrusions into various systems. The first victim was AT&T BellSouth, one of the largest US telecommunications companies at the time. The details of the hack are not fully known, but C0mrade hacked into the company’s servers without causing them any damage. The main goal was not to profit or steal information, but rather to test their hacking abilities on a larger facility.

But that was only the beginning. His next and most famous victim was the US Department of Defense (DOD) and the National Aerospace Agency (NASA). How did he do it? Jonathan used an unauthorized backdoor that he installed on a server in Dallas, Virginia. In this way, a sniffer was introduced that was able to intercept more than three thousand messages from DOD employees, as well as many usernames and passwords, including at least 10 on official military computers. Moreover, he gained access to the source code of the International Space Station (ISS), which controlled vital elements. According to NASA, “this software supported the physical environment of the ISS, including temperature and humidity control in the living space.”

Investigation and arrest

Through the use of advanced technology, intelligence agencies were able to decipher James’s digital trail, track his location, and confiscate computers with hard evidence of a breach. This development underscores that cybercrime prosecutions are a reality, and law enforcement methods for detecting attackers continue to improve.

Pleading guilty, James entered into a deal with the prosecutor’s office, this helped to avoid a more severe punishment. Considering the scale of his crime, the sentence was relatively lenient: NASA and the Department of Defense had to apologize and promise to use computers only for educational purposes. Restricting the use of computers must have been particularly difficult for the young hacker. This proves that cybercrime does not go unpunished.

Despite these promises, Jonathan began to abuse drugs, which eventually led to re-arrest and a six-month prison sentence. There is a strong link between cybercrime and other problems like drug addiction or depression. We can conclude that a special approach is important for such people: high-quality support and rehabilitation.

Jonathan’s act caused mixed reactions among the public. Some people admired his exceptional skills and courage, while others condemned him for dangerous behavior.

Consequences for the world and for James himself

Jonathan’s life after his arrest was difficult. He couldn’t find a job in IT due to his background and suffered from depression. The guy felt that the government was watching him and accused them of violating his rights. James claimed that he did not cause any damage to the systems he hacked, that he did it for fun, for educational purposes. “I just wanted to know how things work.”

In 2007, Jonathan was suspected of stealing confidential data from TJX, which owned retail chains such as Marshalls and TJ Maxx. According to the investigation, hackers stole more than 45 million credit and debit card numbers of the company’s customers. Secret Service agents ransacked Jonathan’s home and seized his computers. Jonathan himself denied any involvement in the case and stated that he had been framed.

On May 18, 2008, Jonathan James was found dead at his home in Pinecrest. The cause of death was self-inflicted wound. The family claims that he committed suicide due to pressure from the state. Jonathan left a farewell letter in which he wrote: “I have nothing to do with TJX and I would rather die than go to jail for something I didn’t do.”

The impact of his actions on legislation and the world of information security has been significant. The Pentagon and NASA hacks pointed to the vulnerability of critical US systems to cyberattacks and required enhanced security measures. The case became an example of how justice should treat underage hackers and how they can be punished for their crimes. Jonathan’s death sparked a discussion about the issues of suicide and the need for psychological help for hackers along with other criminals.

James’ legacy is his influence on hacker culture and public opinion. He was a true computer genius of the day who achieved success in his field without formal education or support. It was one of the first cybercriminals to become known to the general public. His story shows that hacking can be both fun and dangerous, both an opportunity for learning and a serious crime, a challenge both for the system and for the hacker himself.


Definitely, the story of James is important for understanding modern society and information security. It shows how young and smart people can use their knowledge and skills in the computer field for different purposes, what risks and consequences this can entail, what problems and challenges the system of justice and education faces in relation to hackers.


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