Russia enters the satellite Internet race: what you need to know about the Bureau 1440 project
The first 3 satellites were launched into orbit.
Russia is launching its own satellite internet project. Bureau 1440, part of ICS Holding, has successfully launched three communication satellites into low orbit, which will provide broadband access to the network. According to plans, by 2027 the service will become commercial and will be available not only in Russia, but also in other countries. This was reported by the Ministry of Digital Development.
The satellites are developed entirely on Russian technologies and have a high data transfer rate and low latency. According to the Ministry of Digital Development, it is already possible to watch videos in HD quality, and in the future the speed will be increased to 100 Mbps and higher. To implement the project, it is planned to launch more than 900 satellites by 2035, which will be launched 10-12 at a time on Soyuz-2 rockets.
It is reported that the current data transfer rate to the device reaches 12 Mbps, and the time required to transfer data from the server to the user is 41 milliseconds.
Minister of Digital Development Maksut Shadayev praised the Bureau 1440 team for their professionalism, ambition and drive. He expressed confidence that they would cope with all the technical tasks and wished them success in the project. He also noted that satellite Internet is one of the areas for the development of Russia’s digital infrastructure, along with 5G and fiber optics.
In addition to the Bureau 1440 project, there are other similar projects in the world that also seek to create a global network of satellite Internet. The most famous of these is Elon Musk’s SpaceX’s Starlink, which has already launched more than 20,000 satellites into orbit and has begun providing services in some countries. Another project is OneWeb by British entrepreneur Greg Wyler, which has launched about 300 satellites but has run into financial and legal problems. There is also SES’s O3b project, which uses medium-orbit satellites to provide Internet access in remote regions. All these projects have their own characteristics, advantages and disadvantages, and compete with each other for the satellite Internet market.
Satellite Internet in low orbit is a type of Internet connection that uses satellites located at an altitude of 160 to 2000 km above the Earth to transmit data between the user and the provider. The main advantage of such an Internet is a lower signal delay than that of satellites in geostationary orbit (36 thousand km), which is about 30 ms. This allows you to provide higher speed and quality of communication, especially for regions with poor or no Internet coverage. However, to create a global satellite Internet network in low orbit, thousands of satellites must be launched, which must be synchronized and controlled. In addition, such satellites are exposed to the atmosphere and space debris, which can lead to their decline or damage.