Azerbaijan is suspected of spying on Armenians and its dissident citizens
Pegasus spyware is seen in a territorial conflict between two countries.
Access Now Digital Rights Group suspects that spyware Pegasus was used by Azerbaijan to spy on at least 10 Armenian citizens (iPhone owners) between October 2020 and December 2022 due to the ongoing border conflict between the two countries.
Access Now believes that Pegasus was also used by Azerbaijan against its own citizens. Further research with fellow human rights groups Amnesty International and Forbidden Stories found that 245 Azerbaijanis may have been targeted.
According to Access Now, the human rights organization has “substantial evidence” that Azerbaijan is using Pegasus against its dissident citizens – reporters, news editors or media company owners, human rights activists, lawyers, opposition figures and scientists.”
On the other hand, Access Now does not believe that Armenia is using Pegasus, but instead uses a similar spyware called Predatordeveloped by Cytrox, which is based in North Macedonia and sells commercial spyware and other surveillance tools.
According to an Access Now report, Predator, like Pegasus, has been linked to human rights abuses around the world and has also been targeted EU attention .